Data Sheet: NM-2450-1F

2.4 GHz ISM Band – 1 stream Broadband Transceiver with Power Booster

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Designed in the compact miniPCI-Express form factor, the NM-2450-1F is Rugged, Long Range, 1 stream, IEEE 802.11n compliant Radio subsystem.  It is developed specifically for applications requiring high throughput over very long range in the rugged environments. The NM-2450-1F consists of a high throughput 802.11n radio and 1x bi-directional, tiny Power Amp carefully tuned and calibrated together to deliver high performance. The NM-2450-1F radio operates on 2412 MHz~2484 MHz bands. Doodle Labs offers a complete family of models optimized for different applications.

Target Applications 

The NM-2450-1F is ideal for applications that require wireless links with very high throughput. With high gain antennas, the user can expect to get range of over 25 Km.

  • Mesh applications
  • Drones and Robots
  • Point-to-Point links
Model No.NM-2450-1F (Rugged, 802.11n, ath9k driver)
 Special Features– Extended lifespan with planned availability for long time
– Extreme Reliability, IPC Class 2 standard with Class 3 options
– Compliant to MIL-STD-202G, Qualified for high shock/vibration environments
MAC ChipsetQCA9590-BR4B with Extended Temperature range
Software SupportOpen Source Linux Driver ath9k for 11n models OpenWRT (Wireless Router/Linux OS)
Center Frequency Range2.412 GHz ~ 2.484 GHz. This varies by the regulatory domain
Channel Bandwidth*20, and 40 MHz channels
Radio Modulation (Auto Adjust)BPSK, QPSK, 16 QAM, and 64 QAM (5.x GHz – 11n models)
Data Rates Supported802.11n: MCS0-7
802.11b/g: 1, 2, 5.5, 6, 9, 11, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48 and 54 Mbps (2.4 GHz)
802.11n version 2.0 Capabilities ● 802.11 dynamic frequency selection (DFS) as an AP and Client ● Packet aggregation: A-MPDU (Tx/Rx), A-MSDU (Tx/Rx), Maximal ratio combining (MRC), Cyclic shift diversity (CSD), Frame aggregation, block ACK, 802.11e compatible bursting, Spatial multiplexing, cyclic-delay diversity (CDD), low-density parity check (LDPC), Space Time Block Code (STBC)
Operating ModesAP, Client and Adhoc modes to implement Access Point, PtP, PtmP, and Mesh networks
MAC ProtocolTDD with Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance (CSMA/CA)
Wireless Error CorrectionFEC, ARQ
Wireless Data Security128 bit AES, WEP, TKIP and WAPI hardware encryption. Support for IEEE 802.11d, e, h, i, k, r, v, w and time stamp standards
FIPS CertificationSmall packet size (96 bytes) in AES encryption at full packet rate.

FIPS 140-2, Level 2 (Temper Evidence Shield), Loop back mode to facilitate FIPS AES certification.
Tx/Rx Specification Radio ModulationCoding
Max Tx Power
(± 2 dB)**
Rx Sensitivity
2.4 GHz (20 MHz Channel) – 11n models
802.11b, STBCBPSK1/2
64 QAM3/4
16 QAM3/430-83
64 QAM5/624-72
2.4 GHz (40 MHz Channel) – 11n models
802.11n 16 QAM3/430-79
802.11n 64 QAM5/624-70
* It is advantageous to use the smallest Channel Bandwidth that can support the Throughput requirements. Smaller bandwidths provide more channels to choose and help avoid interference issues. The system’s SNR is higher at smaller Channel Bandwidths and Range is longer.
** Total power for all streams
Antenna Signal Strength
-35 dBm to -85 dBm (Recommended), (Absolute Maximum=+12 dBm)
Interference ImmunitySAW filters on RF ports for immunity against high power cellular transmissions in the neighboring bands.
Antenna port isolation for concurrent operationUp to +10 dBm signal strength for 5 GHz signal without degrading 2.4 GHz operation
Integrated Antenna Port Protection>20 KV (Human Body Model)
Receiver LNA Gain+10 dB
Receiver Adjacent Channel Rejection (ACR)>18 dB @ 11a, 6 Mbps (Typ)
Receiver Alternate Channel Rejection (ALCR)>35 dB @ 11a, 6 Mbps (Typ)
Receive chain Noise Figure+6 dB
Transmitter Adjacent Channel Leakage power Ratio (ACLR) 
45 dB (Fc ± ChBW)
Transmitter Spurious Emission Suppression-40 dBc
RF Hardware Disable (RF Kill)Pin 20 of miniPCI-E interface. (Required for FAA compliance) 
Control for External Power AmpDC biased signal over RF ports
RF Power controlIn 0.5 dBm steps. Accuracy of power calibration loop ±2 dBm. Each transceiver individually calibrated and tested.
Antenna Ports1 MMCX Port (50 Ohms)
Host CPU BoardAny CPU board with Industry standard miniPCI-Express interface with minimum 6 mm connector height    
Operating Voltage3.3 Volts from miniPCI-E interface for radio
3.3~4.5V for FES. Optional DC-DC converter available for 6V~38V power supply. 
Power ConsumptionTotal 8W (6W @ Max power for FES, in data transfer mode on all chains + 2W for radio module)
Total 6W (4W @ 20 dBm power for FES in continuous data transfer mode on all chains + 2W for radio module)
1.2W total power in continuous data receive mode
Shield case temperature range (Operating)-40°C to +85°C
The System’s thermal design should ensure that the transceiver’s shield case temperature is maintained within these specifications. Prism-FES can be mounted away from the host CPU board for better thermal design
Cable AssemblySamples Include the harness with RF cable and DC power
Humidity (Operating)0% – 95% (Non-condensing)    
Dimensions1x 30 x 50 x 6 mm Radio module, 1x 30 x 52 x 7 mm FES module, Weight=37 grams (14+1×23)
Mechanical drawing and 3D-CAD files available upon request    
Regulatory RequirementsDesigned and Verified to meet various regulatory requirements. Formal testing and approval is required based on the Integrator’s particular host platform. The Integrator is also responsible for obtaining any other required regulatory approvals in target markets for the finished product. Doodle Labs can offer assistance for compliance testing of the System Integrator’s host platform.
CE CertificationCertificate # TCT160601E007C. in conformity with all the requirements of the European Directive 1999/5/EC – EN 301 893 V1.8.1, EN 300 328 V.1.8.1, EN 301 489-1 V1.9.2, EN 301 489-17 V2.2.1, EN 60950-1:2006 + A11:2009 + A1:2010 + A12:2011+ A2:2013
IC Certification21411-NM24502F
RoHS/WEEE Compliance Yes. 100% Recyclable/Biodegradable packaging    

* Specifications are subject to change without prior notice.

System Integration

As shown in the block diagram, the modular nature of the MIMO radio transceivers allow for accelerated development of the wireless modem. Any embedded Single Board Computer with standard miniPCI-Express interface is required. The Linux distribution OpenWRT has evolved over time and provides advanced features in a wireless router. It is a stable distribution and many OEMs are using OpenWRT as a starting point and customize further for their application. The distribution includes the ath9k driver to interface with the MIMO transceivers. Both OpenWRT and open source driver (ath9k) have extensive online documentation available. The user group forums also provide responsive technical support.